Heart Pacemaker Turkey

    The heart provides oxygenation and nutrition to the tissues with the help of the blood it pumps. Therefore, it is one of the most important organs in the human body. The muscles and nerve networks that make up the heart; They are in perfect harmony with each other. Thanks to this harmony, electrical impulses are formed that cause the heart to beat. The electrical impulses that occur at certain intervals cause the muscle mass that makes up the heart to contract, and thus the heart to pump blood. Thus, as we mentioned before, blood reaches the tissues. It transfers the oxygen and nutrients it carries to these tissues. It then continues its cycle to re-oxygenate.

    The biological mechanisms that help the heart generate electrical impulses can be disrupted for some reason. As a result, disruptions are observed in the contraction of the heart and the way it pumps blood to the body. In order to prevent negative situations that may occur as a result of these deteriorations, devices known as pacemakers are used. Pacemakers may have different structures depending on the type of diseases that cause problems in heartbeats. In the continuation of our article, we will talk about the types of pacemakers and the purposes of installing pacemakers.

    What is the Pacemaker?  

    Heart pacemaker; They are special devices used to generate the electrical impulse that the heart needs to continue its function or to spread this stimulus throughout the heart. Problems in the electrical conduction system of the heart; They can cause rhythm disorders and even life-threatening situations. There are different types of pacemakers, depending on the type of these disorders and the effects they cause.

    Why is Pacemaker Inserted?

    Heart pacemaker; It is implanted so that the electrical impulses needed for heartbeats can occur in a healthy way and that these impulses reach the relevant parts of the heart in a timely manner.

    The region named “sinus node” in the heart; It is responsible for the generation of electrical impulses. These impulses, which occur in the sinus node, proceed along a special conduction line and reach the corresponding heart chambers. With the contraction of the area they reach, blood is pumped to the body. If a stimulus strong enough to cause the heart to beat does not occur in the sinus node or if the resulting stimulus does not reach the heart chambers in time, some problems occur. Irregularities in the heartbeat may occur; tissues may have difficulty in being nourished and oxygenated. Pacemakers are inserted to ensure that these stimuli occur or that the resulting stimuli reach the heart chambers in a timely manner.

    Rhythm disturbances caused by regions of the heart called “ventricular” can be life-threatening in some cases. It is necessary to intervene quickly in rhythm disorders caused by these regions. Otherwise, the brain cannot be adequately oxygenated and serious brain damage may occur. Pacemakers can also be used to prevent such risks. Special pacemakers with “electroshock” function are used for the ailment we are talking about.

    How do pacemakers work?

    Pacemakers consist of two main parts. These regions are known as “generator” and “electrode”. The part known as the generator is where the required electrical impulse is produced. The electrode acts as a bridge between the pacemaker and the heart. The pacemaker monitors the heartbeats with the help of electrodes. If an irregularity occurs in the heartbeats, the stimuli coming out of the generator part reach the heart with the electrode. Thus, the heartbeats are regulated.

    What are the Types of Pacemakers?

    The most commonly used types of pacemakers are:

    • 3-Wire Pacemakers: These are the type of pacemaker used in case of heart failure.
    • Carioverter – Defibrillators (ICD): These are pacemakers with electroshock feature
    • Temporary Pacemakers: If it is believed that the arrhythmia will improve, temporary pacemakers are inserted to be used for 10 to 14 days.
    • Permanent Pacemakers: It can be used for 6 to 7 years with permanent pacemakers. At the end of their life, only the generator part of the battery is replaced. Electrodes continue to be used.

    For detailed information about the types of pacemakers, you can review the article on our website called Types of Pacemakers.

    How to Insert Pacemaker?

    Before the pacemaker implantation procedure, patients are sedated with conscious sedative drugs. Then, the area where the application will take place is completely anesthetized with the local anesthesia method. Thus, patients do not feel pain and discomfort during the application. During the application, the pacemaker is placed in the planned area. Then, the cables of the pacemaker, known as the electrode, are delivered to the relevant areas with the help of the veins in the heart. Pacemaker insertion is completed in about 45 minutes. This period may vary from person to person.