Supraventricular Tachycardia Treatment Turkey

    Tachycardia is a condition where the heart beats faster than it should. In this article, we will talk about two types of tachycardia in general. The first of these is sinus tachycardia. Sinus tachycardia can be seen due to daily activities and is temporary. The other is supraventricular tachycardia. This type of tachycardia appears as a rhythm disorder disease.

    Unlike sinus tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia can be dangerous. The heart contracts at certain intervals with electrical impulses and pumps blood to the body. Thus, our tissues can be oxygenated and continue their vital activities. The rate at which the heart pumps blood to the body can vary from age to age. For example, the hearts of babies and children; beats much faster than adults’ hearts. The heart rate may also increase during physical activities such as climbing stairs and running. In addition to these, it is normal for our heart rate to accelerate when we are afraid or excited. The increase in heart rate due to all these activities is known as sinus tachycardia.

    In some people, the heart rate may increase due to a rhythm disorder called supraventricular tachycardia. There are many types of supraventricular tachycardia. In the rest of our article, we will talk about tachycardia and its symptoms and then supraventricular tachycardia.

    You can call us for detailed information about supraventricular tachycardia treatment, You can make an appointment with Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ömer Uz.

    What is Tachycardia?

    Tachycardia is the heart beating fast for a number of reasons. The heart of a healthy adult at rest can beat 60 to 100 times per minute. All numbers in this range are considered healthy. However, in some cases, the heart rate may be higher than the range we mentioned. In this case, the person is thought to have tachycardia, or “palpitation” as it is popularly known. There are many types of tachycardia. Some of these are considered normal, while others may be dangerous to health and require treatment.

    What is Sinus Tachycardia?

    Sinus tachycardia; It is a type of tachycardia that is usually considered normal and occurs due to the body’s response to various factors. Sinus tachycardia may occur due to mood swings. For example, a person’s excitement, fear, or anxiety can cause an increase in heart rate. In some cases, the heart rate may increase as a result of excessive consumption of caffeinated products such as coffee. Again, during physical activities such as going up and down stairs and running, the situation we refer to as sinus tachycardia may occur.

    Sinus tachycardia; It can also be seen as a result of panic disorder, thyroid diseases, anemia and similar diseases. Therefore, it is recommended not to be taken lightly and to investigate the underlying causes if possible.

    What are Tachycardia Symptoms?

    Symptoms of tachycardia include:

    • Dizziness.
    • Rapid pulse rate.
    • Chest pain.
    • Shortness of breath.
    • Fainting.

    These are physiological responses that can be seen with tachycardia.

    What is Supraventricular Tachycardia?

    Supraventricular tachycardia is a rhythm disorder characterized by the heart beating faster than it should. Unlike sinus tachycardias, supraventricular tachycardias arise from the atria of the heart. Some areas in the right or left atrium of the heart may be in abnormal activity. In other words, even if they do not normally have such a function, they can cause the heart to contract by producing electrical impulses. Stimuli from these abnormal areas cause the heart to beat faster and irregularly than normal. The abnormal areas we mentioned can occur congenitally, or they can occur later.

    Supraventricular tachycardia usually occurs in seizures. Each seizure can last up to 10 to 15 minutes. During this time, patients’ heart rates per minute can range from 140 to 240. After the seizure is over, the heart rate also returns to normal. Supraventricular tachycardias may cause structural changes in the heart in the long term. Therefore, it is recommended that they be treated.

    How to Diagnose Supraventricular Tachycardia?

    The process of diagnosing supraventricular tachycardia can be somewhat challenging. The reason for this is that tachycardia attacks continue for a limited time and after this period the heart returns to its normal rate. In most cases, the heartbeat returns to its normal rate by the time patients reach the hospital. Therefore, no abnormality is encountered in examinations such as ECG. In fact, some people who have this condition frequently may even be diagnosed with panic disorder. Therefore, if supraventricular tachycardia is suspected, a specialist physician should be consulted.

    What are the Types of Supraventricular Tachycardias?

    Types of supraventricular tachycardia include:

    • Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

    Also known as PSVT, this arrhythmia is one of the most common types of supraventricular tachycardia. In individuals with this disease, tachycardia manifests itself in seizures. During seizures, the heart rate can be between 140 and 240 beats per minute. Seizures begin suddenly and end within 10 to 15 minutes. Therefore, they are difficult to diagnose. A process known as an electrophysiological study (EPS) can be used in diagnostic processes. In their treatment, ablation can be applied. Patients can get rid of this condition permanently with ablation therapy. The need for lifelong drug use can also be eliminated with ablation therapy. What is Ablation? You can review the article.

    • Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

    Atrial fibrillation is caused by irregular and rapid contractions in areas of the heart known as the atria. The rate of these contractions can reach 350 per minute and in some cases even exceed this number. Atrial fibrillation, which manifests itself as seizures, sometimes ends within a few minutes, sometimes within 1 hour. If not treated on time and properly, these seizures may persist. Atrial fibrillation can be treated with the treatment practice known as ablation. For detailed information on the subject, you can review the article named Atrial Fibrillation Ablation on our website.

    • Atrial Flutter

    During atrial flutter, the heartbeat is fast but regular. The pulse rate of the patients can be between 150 and 200 per minute. In patients with atrial flutter, the condition may sometimes be accompanied by episodes of atrial fibrillation. Although it may resolve on its own over time, medical treatment is recommended.

    • Wolff – Parkinson – White Syndrome (WPW Syndrome)

    WPW syndrome is a congenital disorder. Normally, the electrical impulses that cause the heart to beat follow a certain path on the heart. They reach certain points of the heart by following this path known as the “AV node”. In patients with WPW syndrome, there is a second congenital pathway. Because of this pathway, the heartbeat may be faster than normal and have an irregular rhythm. This disorder usually manifests itself in adulthood. However, in some cases, it can also be seen in infancy. Individuals with WPW syndrome can be treated permanently with the application of ablation, thus avoiding the vital risk posed by WPW syndrome.

    How to Treat Supraventricular Tachycardia?

    Treatment of supraventricular tachycardia; It can be done with drugs or ablation. Although drugs successfully suppress the effects of the disease, they do not permanently cure supraventricular tachycardia. In some cases, patients may have to use drugs for life. This, of course, brings with it unwanted side effects and many more problems.

    Another method used in the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia is ablation therapy. Ablation therapy aims to permanently treat supraventricular tachycardias once. Thus, the need for lifelong medication is also eliminated. What is Ablation? You can review the article.