Heart Valve Diseases Turkey

    The tissues that make up the heart work together and in harmony to pump blood throughout the body. Each of them has roles they undertake to fulfill the important task we have mentioned. Any problem that occurs in one of the heart tissues can adversely affect its blood pumping function. This can lead to damage to both the heart and the rest of the body.

    Heart valves, from the circulation of dirty blood and clean blood in the heart; They are responsible for their transmission to the target areas of the body. Heart valves may have some congenital or developmental diseases. These diseases can negatively affect the heart’s ability to pump blood. Depending on heart valve diseases, rhythm disorders, paralysis and similar dangerous diseases can be seen in individuals. That is why they need to be detected and treated in a timely manner. In the rest of our article, we will talk about the functions of the heart valves, heart diseases and the symptoms of these diseases.

    You can call us to get detailed information about heart valve disease in Turkey, You can make an appointment with Associate Professor Dr. Ömer Uz.

    What Heart Valves Do?

    Heart valves are heart tissues that are responsible for the circulation of blood in the heart and pumping it to the body. The heart valves are located between the heart chambers. To put it briefly, there are 4 rooms in total in the heart. Two of them are small and the other two are large. On the left side of the heart is one large and one small chamber. The heart valve that separates them is called the “mitral valve”. On the right side of the heart, there is a large and a small heart chamber in the same way. These are separated by the heart valve called the “tricuspid valve”. These valves work in an organized manner with each other and with the other tissues of the heart, ensuring the separation of clean blood from dirty blood. Thus, while the dirty blood is being cleaned and oxygenated in the lungs; clean blood goes to nourish the cells. This cycle is vital for the continuity of life.

    What are Heart Valve Diseases?

    Heart valve diseases are diseases that occur due to the inability of the heart valves to perform their duties as they should. Disruption in the duties of the heart valves may occur due to the narrowing of the valves. This causes the blood to not reach the target area as much as it should. In addition, heart valve diseases can also be seen with insufficiency of the valves. In valvular heart failure, the blood does not stay where it is directed by the valve and moves backwards. All these mentioned problems can be quite dangerous for the general health of the heart and body.

    • Aort Valve Stenosis 

    This disorder usually occurs later, developmentally. However, in some cases, it can also be seen congenitally. In aortic valve stenosis, the aortic valve is in a double leaf structure rather than a triple leaf structure as it should be. This disease is usually seen in patients with cardiac rheumatism. Likewise, valve calcification due to advanced age can also lead to aortic valve stenosis.

    • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Mitral valve stenosis is a condition that restricts the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle. It is one of the most common heart valve diseases. Due to this disease, the quality of life of people decreases; They may complain of shortness of breath and palpitations.

    If mitral valve stenosis is not treated properly, it can lead to clot formation or heart failure. Therefore, it should be treated in a timely manner and appropriately.

    • Aort Valve Insufficiency

    Aortic valve regurgitation is commonly caused by conditions such as abnormal enlargement of the aorta (aortic aneurysm) and an enlarged heart. Each of these diseases is quite dangerous. Therefore, treatment should not be delayed and treatment studies should not be interrupted.

    • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    In patients with mitral valve regurgitation, the blood pumped from the left atrium to the target areas returns to the left atrium. If not treated in time, it can cause the heart to work hard and the left atrium to enlarge.

    • Mitral Valve  Prolapse

    It is a disease that can arise from congenital or developmental causes. It is more common in young women. The most obvious symptom is arrhythmia in the heart. Although it is not seen frequently, its treatment should not be interrupted when seen.

    What Causes Heart Valve Diseases?

    Causes of heart valve diseases may include:

    • It is known that rheumatic diseases can lead to heart valve diseases widely.
    • Heart enlargement.
    • Hypertension (High blood pressure.)
    • Aortic aneurysm. (Abnormal enlargement of the aorta.)
    • Heart infections.

    The diseases we mentioned can lead to the emergence of heart valve diseases over time.

    What are the Symptoms of Heart Valve Diseases?

    Symptoms of heart valve disease include:

    • Palpitations, feeling of heart palpitations.
    • Shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing.
    • Bruising on hands, nail tips and lips.
    • Risks such as embolism and embolism-related stroke (stroke).
    • Arrhythmia (Rhythmia in the heart.).

    Signs and severity of symptoms due to heart valve diseases may vary from person to person.

    Heart Valve Diseases Treatment

    Treatment of heart valve diseases can vary from person to person. The most important reason for this is that there are many heart valve diseases and secondary diseases that may accompany them. Patients are evaluated in detail in terms of both heart valve diseases and secondary diseases we mentioned. Their complaints are carefully listened to. A personalized treatment plan is then created. This treatment plan may include rhythm-regulating drugs, blood thinners, and blood pressure medications. In some cases, surgical treatments may also be used.